Questions & Answers
Fatigue and overconfidence
Confidently following safety procedures
Staying focused on the job with confidence
Obtaining the necessary information for a job
Falls from height
Wall or trench collapse
Being struck by machinery
Ask for instructions from a competent person
Operate it by following the manufacturer's instructions
Operate it as they have seen how it is done and it is not difficult
Refuse as they haven’t been trained and they are not competent
use the top three rungs.
face the ladder towards the work.
stretch to reach the working area.
load tools and materials on top of the ladder.
It is toxic
It has an unpleasant smell
It goes into the blood stream
It removes the protective oils of the skin
Use gloves to protect hands
Have someone hold the ladder
Keep both hands on the ladder at all times
Have three points of contact with the ladder
An anchor point in the basket
A mobile point outside the platform
An anchor fixed point outside the platform
The bone injuries sustained after a fall
Losing consciousness after falling from a height
The effect of being hit by an object that was originally suspended above the ground
An effect on the human body being held upright without any movement for a period of time
using sun creams.
direct sunlight on bare skin.
prolonged used of vibration tools.
getting the skin wet and cold in winter.
loss of smell.
Try to repair the ladder
Avoid the first rung and climb to the second
Ask another worker to help secure the ladder
Don’t use it and report the defect immediately
position the ladder facing the work.
check all four feet are on the ground.
straddle it (put one foot on each side of the ladder).
use the top three steps where a step forms the top of the ladder.
death in less than 15 minutes.
severe pains in the back and limbs.
The site manager
The union representative
soap and water.
Soap and water
pain in the legs.
dermatitis and skin burns.
Wash it off at once
Wash it off when they get home
Wash it off when they finish the job
Continue working as it is not necessary to wash it off
lung damage (silicosis).
Tell your supervisor when you next see them.
Wash and clean your cut then carry on working.
Report the incident then get first aid if necessary.
Report the incident to the health and safety manager before you leave work.
To record any accidents / incidents that happen on site
To outline all hazards and risk on a construction project
To show the long term impacts of not following health and safety practices
To ensure accountability regarding who is at fault in the event of a health and safety incident occurring
Stay away from site for the rest of the day.
Drink two litres of water before you start work again.
Ensure you eat a big lunch if you are operating any heavy machinery.
Inform your site manager and request that you refrain from heavy lifting / perform only light duties for the rest of the day.
Watch first-aid training videos on YouTube.
Buy a book on ‘How to become a first aider.’
Ask your employer if you can go on a first-aid training course.
Ask one of the site first aiders to show you various techniques.
Zero smoking tolerance
To work national holidays
Drugs and alcohol testing
To purchase their own personal protective equipment
Clean gloves and sun cream
Barrier cream and clean gloves
Soiled gloves and barrier cream
be cleaned properly once a week.
not be interfered with or misused.
not be looked after because replacements are available.
be replaced at the expense of the employee if it is damaged.
eye wash fluid.
engine or hydraulic oils.
Have cats on site
Lay traps containing rat poison
Ask the local authority to put down rat poison
Avoid leaving scraps of food lying about and use provided bins
Working on a roof
Working with electricity
Working on a high-level scaffold
Working at ground level near to water
a hard hat, goggles and hi-vis jacket.
suitable gloves, hi-vis jacket and boots.
suitable gloves and goggles and eye protectors.
suitable gloves, suitable outer clothing and wellington boots.
Dampen the area with water
Use respiratory protective equipment
Someone should sweep the dust as it appears
Cover the area with a tent to avoid the dust floating around
employees are careful.
the area is well ventilated.
employees are trained and competent.
the correct personal protective equipment is used.
By breathing in asbestos
Through wounds and open cuts
By touching materials containing silica
Through maintaining good personal hygiene
“Kick the habit” quit smoking campaign
“Keep your hat on” safety awareness programme
“Keep your gloves on” skin protection programme
“Keep your shirt on” cancer awareness programme
Inhaling particles of lead
Ingesting lead due to not washing your hands before eating
Lead absorbing through your skin
Lead absorbing through your eyes
serious lung disease.
severe throat infection.
minor breathing condition.
Fire doors and ceiling tiles
All residences built after 2005
Wash basins constructed between 1960 and 1994
Cement products such as sheeting on walls and roofs
There are safe levels of asbestos exposure.
There is no cure for asbestos-related diseases.
Asbestos-related diseases take many years to develop.
It can make a patient's lungs chemical and heat resistant.
skin irritation caused by exposure to asbestos.
a fatal form of pneumonia caused by a bacteria.
collapse due to lack of fresh air in confined spaces.
skin irritation caused by exposure to chemicals in buried services.
Work around the material so you do not further disturb it.
Stop work immediately and take samples to be used to test the material.
Stop work immediately, put up a warning sign and report it to management.
Stop work immediately, carefully remove the material and use an approved contractor to remove from site.
One of the four common types of skin cancer
A bacteria commonly found in rats, mice and cows
Skin cancer associated with prolonged exposure to silicone-based solvents
A long-term lung disease caused by inhaling large amounts of crystalline dust
Inhaling airborne water droplets
Exposure to urine of rats, cows or mice
Drinking water from an on-site water butt
Handling lead sheeting with no personal protective equipment
They must be cleaned every 2 weeks by a member of the site office team.
All users of the welfare facilities must clean and tidy after using them, only reporting to the site office when there is a problem.
Welfare facilities are not always required, so the employee has to go to local facilities if the employer deems that they are not required.
They must be adequate for the needs of the users, cleaned and tidied daily, functional, working and maintained correctly by the employer.
It's in the site rules
To prevent skin irritation and dermatitis
Because on most sites that's what normally happens
To make sure you have clean hands while working with the substance