Questions & Answers
45 degrees, or the 'one by two' rule
75 degrees, or the 'one in four' rule
The angle is solely dependent on the height of the platform
The angle is not important if there is someone footing the base of the ladder
Always use two points of contact when climbing a ladder
Folding ladders are illegal on building sites and cannot be used
Make sure the ladder is long enough or high enough for the task
Tools and materials must be carried in the left hand so the right hand can firmly grip the rungs
For safe access and egress
It keeps you dry when working in the rain
To speed up the time taken to climb the scaffold
So your colleague can climb the outside of the tower at the same time
It must extend 1 metre above the platform.
It must finish level with the platform. 1 metre represents a trip hazard.
It must be tied to the platform and extend 1 metre above the platform.
The ladder must be made of wood in case the platform is struck by lightning.
Climb up the ladder but avoid the damage.
Repair the ladder to the best of your abilities before using it.
Don’t use the ladder and make sure others know not to use it.
Don’t use the ladder and report the damage to your supervisor at the end of the shift.
Falls from height
Being struck by lightning
Poor hygeine from onsite toilets
Inspect the scaffold yourself and update the date on the tag.
Scaffold needs to be inspected every 7 days, so carry on with your work.
Remove the tag and present it to the person responsible for erecting the scaffold.
Scaffold needs to be inspected every day, so report the out-of-date tag to the site manager.
Remove the bar, finish your work, then seek out a competent scaffolder to replace it.
Seek out a competent scaffolder to organize a safe method for you to access your work area.
Bend the rail out of the way and return it to its original position once you have completed your work.
Remove the guard rail, complete your work and replace the guard yourself once done/during any breaks in your work.
1m above the ground or higher
1.5m above the ground or higher
Working at any height above ground level and on a stable / flat / even surface
Any place where, if precautions were not taken, a person could fall a distance liable to cause personal injury
use an additional tower scaffold.
use platforms to support their weight.
be secured to at least two anchor points.
work at least 2m away from the edge of any opening.
Wear a safety harness at all times
Be aware that people are working above
Proceed with caution as there is a risk of falling
Ensure all of the standard site personal protective equipment is worn
prior to each use.
year of construction.
maximum operating hours.
safe-working load allowance.
stand on the top rung to reach the work activity.
position the ladder and work side-on to the work activity.
position the ladder and lean outwardly to reach sideways.
maintain three points of contact and face forward towards the work activity.
Operatives are wearing steel-toe cap boots.
Any scaffolding in place is secure and appropriate.
Someone is supervising the work from ground level.
Operatives working at height are competent and authorised.
One person at all times
A maximum of two people climbing the ladder
Two people working from a ladder, but not climbing it, is permissible
One person but they must be supervised by a health and safety representative
all work at height is properly planned and organised.
a risk assessment is carried out for all work conducted at height.
all employee's have signed a waiver in case of falling from height.
a safety harness must be worn at all times when working at height.
Handrails, toe boards, air bags
Handrails, mid guards, air bags
Air bags, mid guards, toe boards
Handrails, mid guards, toe boards
supervising the work.
providing equipment for themselves.
providing training and instruction to others.
protecting their own and others' health and safety if their work affects others.
When it is light outside during daytime hours.
When both teams are in radio communication with one another.
When there is little to no risk of anything falling that could cause injury to people working below.
When workers have signed a waiver ensuring no legal proceedings will be taken against the employer.
Slips and trips
Falling from height
Being hit by a site vehicle
Identifying the hazards
Evaluating the risks and deciding on precautions
Reviewing the financial implication of an injury or fatality
Assessing programme implications for using different preventative methods
Employers and co-workers
On-site health and safety managers
Working on a step ladder
Working on safe stands around a building
Where there is a risk of a fall liable to cause injury
When work is being carried out on high-rise buildings over three floors high
Work on a roof, scaffolding or a ladder
Work at 1 metre above the ground or higher
Work at 2 metres above the ground or higher
Work in any place that would cause injury if a person fell
A group of strong workers
Anyone who is working on site
Anyone who has seen it done before
Anyone who is trained, competent and authorised
makes it slippery.
hides possible defects.
may damage the structure of the ladder.
It is safer to work alone if the roof is small.
Working alone ensures you are stable and secure.
You are harnessed and safe to perform your task without falling.
You can work with someone without having to use a harness or crawler boards.
Any broken rungs on the ladder must be clearly marked to avoid accidents.
The ladder must be fixed to the scaffolding and at least 1m above the platform level.
There must be at least two people on the ladder when moving from one lift to another.
The ladder must be wooden, fixed to the scaffolding and be at least 500mm above the platform level.
All scaffolding must be inspected only after bad weather.
A GA3 (or similar) form must be used to record the inspections.
All scaffolding must be erected, modified or dismantled by competent person.
A handover form must be given to transfer the control from the erector to the user.
Every 7 days
Before any modification
After severe weather conditions
To protect the scaffold
To make the scaffold stronger
To protect the public from falling material
To catch the tools and materials that may fall
The weight of a lorry
The weight of a dumper
Twice the maximum axle load
The weight of workers and tools
It arrests a fall and reduces the impact.
It helps the user to stretch outside the MEWP.
It makes the user more visible working at heights.
It tracks the user's movements for the safety officer.
The safety manager
A competent person
The site workers before using it
covered with a net.
left open for ventilation.
covered with a piece of wood.
When the risk is low
When it is convenient
For a short period of time
When only two points of contact can be maintained
Any angle that makes it comfortable to use
A roof work permit
An accident report form
A Safe System of Work Plan (SSWP)
A plan of the roof showing its structure
Ensure the workers are clearly visible
Ensure the openings are clearly visible
Ensure the openings are fully protected
Ensure the openings are well signposted
as soon as they exist.
as soon as the work is finished.
only at night to avoid people falling in.
only when it is raining to avoid water entering.
That it is secure
If it has any defects
The date of manufacture
If it is the correct ladder for the job
They must be over the age of 18.
They must have a driver's licence.
They must be competent and authorised.
They must have 2 years' experience of working at height.
It is a type of personal protective equipment.
It doesn’t prevent falls, but reduces their impact.
It should be attached to a point outside the platform.
It must be inspected before use by an authorised competent person.
with the tyres low on air.
on firm and level ground.
close to overhead cables.
when the platform is moving.
To make a hole safer
To cover sharp edges
To cover an open hole
To catch falling people or objects
Before any modifications are carried out
After adverse weather conditions
toe boards, warning signs and ladder
a ladder, warning signs and mid guards.
warning signs, mid guards and handrails.
safety nets, toe boards, mid guards and handrails.
Don't agree to do the work
Get another person to do the work while you supervise
Just provide a risk assessment method statement before doing the work
Avoid working at height whenever you can and use work equipment or other measures to minimise the potential of falling